Research Lead: Karina Hermawan
UC Campus(es): UC Irvine
Problem Statement: The State of California has made a commitment to transitioning to cleaner and more advanced alternative fuel technologies in order to mitigate the negative impact of transportation-related emissions. Each of these technologies addresses one or more pollutant externalities ranging from volatile organic- compounds, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and others. The State’s policy-making with respect to transportation fuels will benefit from a more detailed understanding of the relative strengths and weaknesses of each technology for addressing negative externalities as well as the different challenges and barriers each faces in California’s unique market.
Project Description: This project will develop new metrics to quantify and compare the potential benefits and tradeoffs of each technology solution. This includes finding and analyzing the available data sources and developing new survey designs to facilitate the development of more powerful metrics. Additionally, this study is assessing whether and by how much the strategies compromise economic growth via cost and benefit analysis. A literature review of the different potential solutions has thus far identified types of costs to consider, including the supply chains of fuels and technologies (e.g., biomass and biogas, power-to-gas and vehicle-to-grid) and penetration/adoption rates of alternative fuel vehicles. This project will build upon the literature review by comparing the different solutions, categorizing them by type of technologies, intended externalities, and by stakeholders involved.
Status: In Progress