A Survey of Universal Basic Mobility Programs and Pilots in the U.S.

Research Team: Caroline Rodier (lead), Brian Harold, Sam Fuller, Angelly Tovar, and Mollie D’Agostino

UC Campus(es): UC Davis

Problem Statement: A lack of reliable and affordable transportation exacerbates socioeconomic inequities for low-income individuals, especially people of color. Universal Basic Mobility (UBM) pilots or programs are a relatively new approach to addressing financial barriers to travel among the transport-disadvantaged. UBMs provide individuals with funds for various mobilityoptions, including transit and shared modes.

Project Description: This study reviews the UBM programs and pilots implemented in the United States. It also reviews international applications of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) platforms. These platforms may reduce the administrative cost of implementing UBMs and help users identify and compare available travel options. In addition, the review describes critical program design tradeoffs to consider when developing a UBM program or pilot. Finally, key UBM elements and lessons learned are summarized to assist other communities considering UBMs.

Status: Completed

Budget: $80,000